Effective and efficient research begins with good research questions.
Poor research questions are close ended questions. Questions that begin with who, when, and where can be answered quicky and with little information. When developing research questions, stay away from these types of questions because they don't give you enough to work with.
Good research questions are open ended questions. Questions that begin with how and why lead the researcher to more information and critical thinking. When developing research questions, aim for these types of questions. Remember to be flexible: sometimes answering one question will lead to another question that must be answered as well. By being thorough in your research, you will gain the big picture, no matter what the topic.
- An open-ended question calls for real research and thinking. Asking a question with no direct answer makes research and writing more meaningful and therefore enjoyable.