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2 The Fours Aspects of Sustainability

Environmental sustainability is about maintaining the integrity of life support systems. This aspect incorporates the important notions of biodiversity and ecosystem services. Environmental sustainability is fundamental to a sustainable future.

Social sustainability is about equity within and between generations and within and between ethnic and social groups. It is inclusive of people’s mental and physical well-being and the cohesion of their communities based on a fair distribution of natural resources. Health, education, human rights culture, values, product safety, good community relations, treating suppliers & employees fairly, history, involvement,  equity.  Note: you can link social and cultural aspects.

Economic sustainability means using resources to provide necessary and desirable products and services for the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to do the same.

Cultural sustainability refers to the nourishment and sharing of attitudes and values that represent diverse ways of viewing the world. Cultural sustainability is inclusive of political sustainability, which is about all citizens having the opportunity to express their views freely and participate in decision making.   (Think of it also as helping to build the culture and capabilities to make sustainability stick).